I recall a scene in “So Proudly We Hail” when our intrepid heroines arrive in the Philippines and they are immediately told to not bother wearing their whites (uniforms), because the herringbone twill was much more practical at the front. When searching for World War Two uniforms for sale, you should consider these tips: Condition: The photos and item descriptions will list and show the quality of the uniform. World War I U.S. Army Nurse Indoor Cap. 3 (OD3) was issued. The uniform was designed as a layered system, meant to be worn over the wool shirt and trousers and in conjunction with a wool sweater and liners in colder weather. From that point the WAC were U.S. Army service members and their insignia was changed to that of the regular army.. Instead my country served me. The M44 ultimately replaced the four button service dress jacket for enlisted troops. The women just had to improvise – and they did. For outdoor use, they were also issued a set of “dress blues,” a dark blue service jacket and a medium blue skirt, a white or blue shirt, black tie, black shoes, and a dark blue garrison cap or service cap. Officers had additional shirt color and fabric options. A Memory Between Us, by Sarah Sundin, showing the US Army Nurse Corps dress blues uniform from WWII. Optionally khaki garrison caps were worn with the summer khaki uniform with the same piping as the winter OD version. Makes me think of Florence Nightingale, coming in on eagle’s wings to tend to the wounded. They served under fire in field hospitals and evacuation hospitals, on hospital trains and hospital ships, and as flight nurses on medical transport planes. In all, more than 59,000 American nurses served in World War II. War Department Circular Number No. This uniform is pictured on the cover of my second novel, A Memory Between Us. However, as U.S. and Allied troops pushed into Germany, more M-1943 uniforms or components of the uniform were issued as the supply situation (including replacements directly from stateside arrived) and the weather became harsher as winter arrived. Both of these were essentially wool versions of the 1941 pattern poplin field jacket. Ending Wednesday at 12:05PM PDT 1d 1h. The coat was worn with a russet brown leather Sam Brown belt until 1942 when the leather belt was replaced by a cloth belt of matching fabric to the coat. U.S. Army basic service uniforms consisted of a winter service uniform of olive drab wool worn in temperate weather and a summer service uniform of khaki (tan) fabric. Although seersucker is easily laundered, the nurses didn’t care for it, since seersucker was traditionally worn by nurse trainees. Initially, this was a circular-brimmed "clamdigger"-style hat which was later replaced by a billed cap that was based on a design used by railroad workers. http://history.amedd.army.mil/ANCWebsite/anchome.html (The official website for Army Nurse Corps history.). U.S. Army. $124.99. When the Second World War broke out, nurses again volunteered, motivated by a sense of duty and a desire to “do their bit”.  The uniform featured a short-tailed shirt, trousers with cuffs fitted with half-inch boottop fastening tapes, and a flap-protected fly to keep out crawling insects such as leeches, ticks, and chiggers. $18.99 shipping. It was first issued for overseas use, and later for stateside use, with conversion complete by June 1944. . The uniform consisted of a shirt, trousers, and a hat. This uniform is pictured on the cover of my second novel, A Memory Between Us. 18). To learn about uniforms worn by flight nurses in World War II, please see Medical Air Evacuation in World War II–The Flight Nurse.  Officers were also authorized to use the more durable OD 33 enlisted uniforms, except for the enlisted men's four pocket service coat, as long as they were not mixed with OD 51 or taupe clothing.. It always looks wrinkly and blah! Brayley, Martin. AR 600-35 31 March 1944 (Section I, para. The dress uniforms had maroon piping on the garrison cap, epaulettes, and cuffs. Lot of 27 World War 2 WWII Military Photos, PX Hospital Nurse Mess Hall ~ Type 1. The coat of the uniform was identical in cut to the winter officers' uniform. 14 watching. World War II Soviet Armed Forces (1): 1939–41 (Men-at-Arms Book 464) by Nigel Thomas and Darko Pavlovic | Feb 20, 2012 3.8 out of 5 stars 15 Many service men's fondest memories from World War 2 are of Army Nurses who treated them, comforted them and often helped save their lives. Distinctive Unit Insignia pins (featuring the unit's coat-of-arms) were worn in the center of the epaulet for officers and on lower lapels for enlisted men. The shoepac was a leather boot with rubberized lower top and sole, worn in conjunction with the wool ski sock. US Pre WWI Infantry Lt. The colors essentially mirrored those of their male counterparts of corresponding rank in the equivalent service uniform although fabrics differed. US Army Nurse Corps recruiting poster, showing the olive drab dress uniform worn starting in 1943. Summer and winter service uniforms were during their respective seasons in the continental U.S. During World War II the European theater of operations (Northwestern Europe) was considered a year-round temperate uniform zone and the Pacific theater of operations a year-round tropical uniform zone. In 1941 the shirt was redesigned with the collar band removed so the collar would lay flat when worn in the field. Additionally, in 1944 shade No.  In 1941 the necktie for the winter uniform was black wool and the summer necktie was khaki cotton. The World War II Bars were worn over the World War I Chevrons. Due to supply issues, soldiers can be seen wearing both the service shoes with the leggings and the newer combat boot. But I agree…not on the job. The rank of officers was worn on the outer edge of the shoulder loops whereas enlisted soldiers wore rank chevrons three inches wide points up on both upper arms. From shop SoSylvie . The officer's rank insignia was worn on the left front side of the garrison cap. Until 1942 the officer's US pin was worn on the right collar point and the officer's branch insignia was worn on the left. A belt was included to secure the dress close to the body. The United States Army during the inter-war period followed the previous model of having a standard uniform that combined elements of both the basic dress uniform and the basic field uniform. By combining the uniforms, it was thought that time and money could be saved. The Army then provided brown-and-white seersucker ward outfits. The following World war two (ww2, wwii, world war 2) army, reenaction and living history units use our uniforms and gear, and we have regularly supplied the following militaria dealers with our world war 2(ww2, wwII, world war two) uniforms, equipment, webbing,shoes & boots, peak & side caps, badges, patches, insignia chevrons etc: It replaced the WAACs' distinctive "Hobby Hat" kepi for field use and fatigue duties. Although these boots were to be replaced by the new M43 combat boots, jump boots continued to be worn throughout the war. Hat from Australian Army Nursing Service uniform, World War II. £350.00.  These jackets were authorized only in the ETO. For airborne troops, treated canvas cargo pockets were added to the trousers. , Because of the shortage of suitable weaving machines and resultant cost of weaving Byrd Cloth, a less expensive 5-ounce OD cotton poplin shirt and trouser were issued on an experimental basis in 1944 for use in jungle and tropical regions; while reports were favorable, existing HBT stockpiles were deemed adequate, and the uniform was not adopted.. American and foreign medals or medal ribbons are worn above the left top tunic pocket. In the ETO, initial issuance of the M-1943 was slowed as a consequence of opposition by some U.S. commanders. Belonged to Captain Isabel Erskine Plante - personnel number VFX 45576. $4.60 shipping. It was comprised of a long sleeved grey dress that was emblazoned with shiny button closure from the neck to the midriff. The sole was made of synthetic or reclaimed rubber. 21 1 September 1945 Part II (theater clothing zones). The U.S. Army during the inter-war period followed the previous model of having a standard uniform that combined elements of both the Class A (basic service uniform) and Class B (basic field uniform). The temperate climate field configuration consisted of the olive drab wool trousers, shirt, and russet brown shoes from the service uniform worn with canvass leggings, helmet and web gear. This boot had a permanently attached a two-buckled leather ankle flap, which was designed to replace the unpopular canvas leggings. The trousers were made out of the same OD7 cotton sateen material and white cotton twill inner lining, and were equipped with both front and rear pockets. World War II Allied Nursing Services. 7, matching the new M-1943 version of the field jacket. Officer's arm-of-service pins ("U.S." for the Regular Army) were worn on the upper lapels and their branch of service pins were worn on their lower lapels. Dressed for Duty: America's Women in Uniform 1898–1973. Two Ike jackets were manufactured in England and issued to troops in Europe before the jackets were approved Army wide. The United States Army in World War II used a variety of standard and non-standard dress and battle uniforms, which often changed depending upon the theater of war, climatic environment, and supply exigencies. When the coat was worn no insignia was worn on the shirts except sew on patches. The standard-issue M44 (Model 1944) Wool Field Jacket, made of fine-quality Olive Drab (OD 33) wool, was originally designed as a liner to be worn under the M1943 combat jacket. US WWII Army Nurse Corps Uniform Set, 1st Lieutenant, Named Price: $425.00 Item #50572. WW2 Wartime Polish Army Nurse Service Dress Uniform Named ATS Officer Poland.  As with enlisted men, officers could not wear khaki shirts as an outer garment with the wool uniform. Of other generations much is expected. The 'regular' arm of QAIMNS was formed in 1902 from the old Army Nursing Service, and other than hemlines slowly rising, ward uniform remained virtually unchanged until the Second World War. Captain Plante was born in Melbourne in 1910, and trained as a nurse. American and foreign Unit citation ribbons are worn over the right top tunic pocket. I’ve always liked it for summer – although I haven’t seen it in ages. Prior to 1943, the ANC winter service uniform consisted of the ANC pattern dark blue cap or garrison cap with maroon piping, suit jacket with maroon cuff braid and gold army buttons, light blue or white shirt, black tie and light blue skirt, shoes were black or white. A dark blue cape lined with red and an overcoat were also used for outdoors wear. However, the phase out of the enlisted service coat was only completed after the war was over.. In 1944, the M-44 Combat Boot, a high-top leather boot with full laces was adopted for service, but for the duration it was primarily worn by soldiers on stateside duty. Seersucker is actually a marvelously cool fabric in warm and tropical climates. The enlisted soldier's round crown visor caps were no longer issued to enlisted troops after 1942. However, those items were changed to olive drab and russet leather respectively. There were also non-standard conversions made for GIs particularly officers by tailors in the United Kingdom with degrees of variation. The belt is inscribed 'W. It was made of windproof cotton sateen and was issued in a new darker olive drab color, OD7. The "Eisenhower jacket", or "Ike jacket", was popular. They spent the rest of the movie in coveralls. Overshoes were normally issued to Army units during winter operations. At the beginning of the war, nurses wore a white ward dress with the white nurse’s cap on the ward. In 1943, after extensive testing in the swamplands and jungles of Florida and Panama, the U.S. Army determined that an experimental tropical uniform made of Byrd Cloth (known in Britain as Grenfell Cloth), would best protect soldiers from insects and disease while cooling the body and minimizing losses from perspiration. A matching jacket was issued to convert to outdoor use. This historical uniform display is composed of images from the Army Nurse Corps Historical Collection located in the Office of Medical History, Office of the Army Surgeon General, Falls Church, VA. 54 taupe shirts matching the trousers were authorized. 2; Section II, para. The service cap was also available in khaki tan with a removable top to be worn with the khaki summer uniform. Issue footwear consisted of low quarter russet brown leather cap toe boots. "There is a mysterious cycle in human events. The sole was changed to a rubber composition after 1940 and designated as the Type II Service Shoe. Nurses worked closer to the front lines than they ever had before. I remember when wraparound skirts were all the rage – and then we wore them. The rank insignia (a single gold bar for second lieutenants, the vast majority of nurses) was worn on the epaulettes. As men and women enlisted, the military grew, including the Army Nurse Corps. World War I Overseas Chevrons [created 1918] and/or World War II Overseas Bars [created 1944] (awarded for each six months combat service overseas) were worn on the lower left sleeve between the elbow and lower sleeve, but above the Service Stripes. However, after 1943 the manufacture of DUIs were suspended for the duration of the war.. £10.00 postage. When the U.S. entered World War II following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 there were fewer than 7,000 nurses on … San Jose, California: R. James Bender Publishing, Creation of the Women's Army Corps. It opened a new world to a self-conscious, small town girl and made her feel as … To some generations much is given. Enjames, Henri-Paul, "Government Issue:U.S. Army European Theater of Operations collectors Guide",Histoire & Collections p.37. With the service uniform the enlisted arm- and branch-of-service insignia was embossed on circular pins, while the officer's insignia was "free work" (i.e., open design with no backing). During the war in Europe a short jacket was adopted by General Dwight D. Eisenhower as an alternative to the 4 pocket service coat. The Marine Corps version of these shoes were commonly referred to as "boondockers". Uniforms of the United States Marine Corps, United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II, https://www.army.mil/women/history/wac.html, http://cbi-theater-8.home.comcast.net/~cbi-theater-8/mars/marstaskforce.html, World War II Living History and Reenacting Information, 90th Infantry Division Preservation Group Uniform and Equipment Section, Uniforms of the United States Armed Forces, Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment (MOLLE), Army Improved Physical Fitness Uniform (IPFU), United States aircraft production during World War II, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Army_uniforms_in_World_War_II&oldid=985763970, World War II military equipment of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 20:32. The Army Nurse Corps Uniform ANC womens-army-corps-nurse-1942 Shirts, which featured two patch pockets and no shoulder straps, were either OD 33 wool flannel or khaki cotton chino cloth. After 1943 the ANC adopted olive drab service uniforms similar to the newly formed WAC. A gold “U.S.” pin was worn on each collar, and a gold caduceus with a red N was worn on each lapel. Yep. The previous ANC beige summer service uniform with maroon trim was retained except that the tie was changed to maroon.. However, when women's versions of these items were not available, as was often the case in overseas areas, men's issue work/fatigue clothing was used instead. This was an ankle-high field shoe made of tanned leather in a dark red or russet color, originally with leather soles. The Army Nurse Corps Uniforms: A Retrospective Exhibit chronologically highlights the periods of time when the uniforms were authorized and worn. It closely resembled the short British Battle Dress jacket that inspired it. Additionally, a fatigue-duty uniform made of 8.2-ounce heavy cotton herringbone twill (HBT) cloth was issued. Both seasons came with various options to combine depending on rank or station.  Pockets were shallow and kept to a minimum to increase cooling; users carried all their gear in load-bearing belts, suspenders, or in low-mounted field packs designed to minimize body contact (jungle packs). Whenever a shirt was worn as an outer garment the necktie was tucked between the second and third button of the shirt.  Byrd Cloth, as used in the Experimental Tropical Uniform, was a single-layer uniform of untreated OD long-staple Egyptian cotton, made in a tightly woven herringbone twill to prevent mosquito bites. MATRON World War II United States Army Nurse Corps uniform cape Artist: Unknown: Date: 1942-1945 Medium: wool, metal Makers inscription: sewn in tag at neck "LT. D. MOSELEY" Provenance: Dorothy Moseley Bacon descent through family Credit line More than 59,000 American nurses served in the Army Nurse Corps during World War II. The jacket also had a detachable hood, drawstring waist, two large angled breast pockets, and two lower skirt pockets. In combat areas, white ward dresses and skirted suits were absurdly impractical, but the Army was slow to provide appropriate clothing for women. After the WAC were established the ANC adopted the WAC officer's uniforms, except for the ANC pattern hat and the ANC pattern handbag. I joined to serve my country. The shirt had to be either the same shade OD as the trousers or OD 51 with the taupe trousers. There were several versions. The ANC off duty dress was a separate ANC pattern in olive drab shade 51 or beige. Some items, like fatigues and other field gear, will generally have more wear depending on where the solider was deployed. (Detailed description of military nurses’ uniforms). Part 1: Who Could Serve in the US Army Nurse Corps, Part 2: Recruitment, Training, and Military Rank. World War 1 & World War 2: The establishment of the Army Nurse Corps on February 2, 1901 opened the door for women in the military, but it wasn’t until the U.S. Government got involved in World War 1 (April 6, 1917), that some parts of the Government and the Military became serious about … Female members of the U.S. Army during WWII were assigned to either the Army Nurse Corps (ANC) or the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC/WAC). The uniform was donated by Sister Barbara Williams, with a collection of material relating to the World War I service of Alice Elizabeth Cocking, later Sister Alice Williams. Either shirt could be worn under the coat; however, the cotton shirt could not be worn as an outer garment with the wool trousers. The Army Nurse Corps was officially established in 1901 by an act of Congress as a permanent part of the Army Medical Department. QA World War Two Nursing Information about the QAs during the Second World War: QA World War Two Nursing and nurses were then known as the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS). During World War II, members of the US Army Nurse Corps took care of the sick and wounded throughout the world, often in dangerous and difficult conditions. The male officer's winter service uniform in 1941 consisted of a four-button, four-pocket coat of finer wool fabric in olive drab shade no. 9, 19). Ending 30 Nov at 7:11PM GMT 9d 17h. 33 (OD 33, also called "light shade") and matching trousers. In the European theater of operations, the basic wool uniform saw the most use and had the greatest functionality, being able to keep the soldier warm in the winter with its insulation and relatively cool and breathable in Northern European summer weather. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2002. In the Mediterranean theater U.S. soldiers wore both seasonal uniforms. Stanton, Shelby L., "U.S. Army uniforms of the Korean War", Stackpole Books (1992) p.104. However, the cloth belt of the winter service coat was omitted.. , In May 1942 Congress approved the creation of the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps. The most recognizable part of the uniform is the standardized M-1943 field jacket. This dress was inspired by a WAC seersucker version the same color. German Army-Armoured Artillery Crew- Splinter Pattern Smock (1943-1945) German Army-Armoured Vehicle Crew- Reed Green Denim Uniform (1944-1945) German Army-Womens Uniform (1939-1945) German Infantry-Reed Green Denim Uniform (1943-1945) German Officer (Oberleutnant)-Full Dress Uniform- Panzer Division- 1941; Where Eagles Dare Uniform- Officer US WWII- Korean War WAC Overseas Hat US Army Nurse Corps recruiting poster, WWII, showing the white ward dress, and the blue-and-maroon cape. In addition to the service uniforms worn for ordinary duty and dress purposes there were a variety of fatigue and combat uniforms. Bellafaire, Judith A. £301.00. Except for small runs of jackets made for soldiers in England, the U.S. Army did not provide the jacket as an issue item to enlisted soldiers until the war in Europe was almost over. Smith, Jill H. (2001). It was longer than the earlier 1941 field jacket, coming down to the upper thighs. The 10th Mountain Division's troopers occasionally wore the Mountain Boot, a low-quarter brown leather boot with a square toe and rocker-type sole, though this boot was phased out in favor of the Type III Combat Boot in the last year of the war. In January 1945, some Army units operating in the ETO received shoepacs for wet winter wear. In 1941 officers shirts included cotton or tropical worsted wool khaki shirts that could be worn with either the summer or winter service uniforms and wool shirts in OD 33 or OD 51 with the winter uniform. However, development and approval by the Army was slow. Nurses wore Army hospital whites on ward duty although a seersucker version with brown and white stripes was created because the whites were hard to maintain in some overseas areas. The Meritorious Unit Commendation patch [created 1944] (awarded to a unit for at least 6 months of exemplary combat service or combat support) is worn on the lower right sleeve above the cuff and below the Wound Chevrons. thesis, George Washington University, 1987). Parachute troops beginning in 1942 were issued Jump boots – high-lacing rubber-soled leather boots which were intended to provide additional ankle support when landing by parachute. QARANC still forms part of the Army Medical Services to this day.  Officers wore black and khaki neckties with winter and summer uniforms respectively, like enlisted soldiers, until after February 1942 when the universal neckties were changed to khaki for all ranks. A rubber-soled, canvas-top Jungle boot was issued during the war for use by soldiers in the tropical and jungle environments typically encountered in the China-Burma-India (CBI) and the Pacific theaters. ... Army World War II Militaria (1939-1945) Documents & Maps. In the summer of 1943 the WAAC was converted to the Women's Army Corps (WAC). In addition, the OD3 coloring was deemed inappropriate for use in northern Europe, as it stood out against most backdrops, making soldiers more visible targets. Soon after the US entry into the war these shoes, which were also used as part of the Class A dress uniform, were replaced with a "roughout" field shoe made from leather uppers with a sueded outer finish, and designated the Type III Service Shoe. And it needs little ironing, a boon in those days when everything needed to be pressed. Vintage American Red Cross Dress, 1940s 1950s Nurse Uniform Dress, WWII Nurse Dress, Vintage 50s Nurse Outfit Women's Size Large / XL ElitelifestyleShop From shop ElitelifestyleShop I just don’t understand why seersucker was even a thing. At the outset of the war, the khaki cotton summer uniform was intended to serve as a tropical climate field uniform. They wore it with the back of the brim flipped up and the front of the brim pulled down and nicknamed it the "Daisy Mae Cap". Q.A.I.M.N.S. The Army Nurse Corps accepted only a small number of black nurses during World War II. The garrison cap for officers was piped around the curtain with black and gold cord except for general officers whose piping was all gold. Mar 1, 2019 - Reference photos for the WWII era. The OD 3 necktie was shortly superseded by a khaki cotton–wool blend necktie. She enlisted in Essendon on 25 Jun 1940, at the age of 30 and unmarried. For more on Army footwear see combat uniforms below. © 2020 Sarah Sundin, All Rights Reserved. US Army Quartermaster supply catalog QM 3-2, 7 October 1943, showing the olive drab and blue dress uniforms, the seersucker jacket, and the cape of the Army Nurse Coprs (Source: US Army Service Forces), The service and dress uniforms worn in the US Army Nurse Corps in WWII (US Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History). Temple Smith'. After, September 1942 the US pin was deleted and the rank of the wearer was displayed on the right collar point. The ANC summer service uniform consisted of a similar suit in beige with maroon shoulder strap piping and cuff braid, beige ANC cap or beige garrison cap with maroon piping, white shirt, and black four-in-hand tie. A rendezvous with destiny. [ 15 ], in May 1942 Congress approved the creation of the 1941 poplin! ) service shoes, Stackpole Books ( 1992 ) p.104 the soldiers distinctive insignia. 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Page lists all uniforms and personal equipment used by the Army Medical Department War in Europe the! To the midriff seen wearing both the service uniforms. [ 9 ] herringbone twill ( HBT cloth... 6 ] [ 7 ] QA had an officer status with equivalent rank but no actual commission status second! 33, also called `` light shade '' ) a very dark olive green with brownish hue nicknamed. Personnel number VFX 45576 officer status with equivalent rank but no actual commission status commission.. Or `` Ike jacket '', Histoire & Collections p.37 composition after 1940 and designated as the trousers OD... For duty: America 's Women in uniform 1898–1973 were authorized only in the Army Medical to.